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Welcome to EIPSA

EIPSA was established on the 22, June 2013, in response to the timely need for an organized and independent professional Ethiopian voice surrounding the issue of the Nile River. The majority of the Nile River flow originates in Ethiopia and carried downstream by Blue Nile, while a much smaller portion comes from the White Nile. Both rivers meet in Karthoum to form the Nile. Despite its lion share contribution to the Nile River flow, Ethiopia has never benefited from its waters for a number of reasons. Therefore, the start of the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) virtually remains Ethiopia’s only effort in its attempt to make use of the Blue Nile waters. Click here to read more about EIPSA. 

Blog articles by our members can be found here.

You can also check out our Frequently Asked Questions (GERD FAQ) section to learn more. 

Recent News

Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD): A salvation to Flooding in Sudan

By Alem Gebriel, PhD, PE

The Garand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), which is being built on the Abbay river and financed entirely by the Ethiopian people, has great benefits to both Sudan and Egypt. One of the benefits is that it mitigates flooding in Sudan.  However, statements coming out of a few news outlets run counter to this fact. In recent weeks, for example, the Sudanese Foreign Minister Mariam al-Sadiq al-Mahdi reportedly stated that the Dam (GERD) endangers over 20 million Sudanese people. This statement is contrary to the facts established by scientific analyses. As demonstrated below in this article, GERD eliminates flooding in Sudan including in its capital city Khartoum, which has seen repeated devastations in the past. Read More


The Controversy Over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Second Stage Filling: Would Egpty be Thirsty During the Filling Period?

By Alem Gebriel, PhD, PE

For several years now, Ethiopia, Egypt, and Sudan have been negotiating the filling and annual operations of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). The negotiations among the three counties have been very difficult, mainly because of Egypt’s position to maintain the status quo.  Broadly, the main sticking point appears to revolve around Egypt’s insistence on maintaining the 1959 water share agreement, which divides the Nile water between Egypt and Sudan, allocating a zero share for other riparian countries including Ethiopia. In fact, Ethiopia and other Nile riparian countries were not party to the 1959 agreement. Ethiopia noted its opposition at the time when the agreement was drafted. Except, for the Declaration of Principle (DoP) signed in Khartoum, Sudan, in 2015 by the heads of state of the three countries; any others agreement has not been signed, yet.  Reportedly, agreements have been reached on most of the key elements on the staged filling of the Dam, but a final agreement remains elusive. According to news outlets, a critical bottleneck is the demand initially by Egypt and now also Sudan for a so-called legally binding agreement, which Ethiopia interpreted as a water-sharing agreement intended to foreclose any future developments upstream of the GERD.  A water-sharing agreement requires participations all the Nile basin riparian countries and would include matters unrelated to GERD.  Read More


Press Release On President Donald Trump irresponsible comments on Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam (GERD)

24th Oct 2020


The Ethiopian International Support for Abbay (EIPSA) denounces the belligerent, irresponsible and inciting statement made by Donald Trump during his recent phone call to the prime minister of Sudan. Trump was heard saying that Egypt should “blow up the dam [Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD)” which is being built and fully funded by Ethiopia, a sovereign country.  In all the conversations, Trump has lacked any knowledge of foreign policy and diplomacy in Africa. Read More


Thank you for all GERD Heroes  

Minister of Water, Irrigation, and Energy                                                                        
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Addis Abeba


The Ethiopian International Professional Support for Abbay (EIPSA) family would like to congratulate everybody involved in making the first stage-filling of the GERD a reality. Ethiopians who put their hearts, souls, and quite literally their money on the project are not just the ones that showed an explosion of jubilation on the extraordinary news. It is friends of Ethiopia and indeed everyone on the side of a just cause that was elated to have witnessed this exceptionally positive milestone.

Our first gratitude goes to the foot “soldiers” who have worked on designing, engineering and actually executing the tasks of the project in the scorching heat of the project site. To the workers at Guba, both domestic and foreign, - they have a mission more than just a means of employment. They have risen up to the challenges of executing a task with a commitment whose grand scale is matched only by the technical, political, and natural trials associated with it. Much more humbling has been witnessing their dedication all unwavered by the backbreaking, non-stop shifts, and the recent threats of COVID-19.  Read More


Save The Date 

EiPSA will launch a Twitter campaign on August 7 & 8 to express appreciations. Join us in reserving the days for a “Thank you Day” please share and ask others to join in the campaign.


Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam - Should it Really be an Issue for Egypt ? 

Dr. Getu Biftu and Dr. Getachew Assefa

June 2020

History has proven that internationally-shared basins create interstate conflict. The Nile River by its length (approximately 6700 km), political divisions and history constitutes a major freshwater-related environmental resource and has been a focus of attention for centuries. It is one of the most important rivers in the world. The basin is home for 257 million people, almost 20% of the African population (Nile Basin Initiative, 2016).

The Nile Basin is commonly divided into three different sub-basins: Eastern Nile sub-basin, Equatorial Nile sub-basin, and Main Nile Zone (see Figure 1). The Eastern Nile sub-basin comprises three catchments (Blue Nile, Atbara, Baro). Figure (1) [1] shows, these catchments mainly lie in the highlands and the plains of Ethiopia, Sudan, and South-Sudan. This sub-basin is the major contributor, between 85% and 90%, to the flow that reaches Aswan Dam (Egypt). The outflow of this sub-basin is seasonal due to the monsoonal rainfall and the major part of it comes from the Blue Nile catchment. Read More  


The Crocodile Tear of Eygpt and The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD)

By Engidashet Bunare & Shiferaw Lulu,

May 2020

I. Introduction

The media and Egyptian professionals are trying to influence with one-sided view and deceive the international community.  The purpose of the propaganda and lies that are taking place internationally by the Egyptian politicians and professionals is to mislead the international community and countries about the GERD for getting biased support and to pressurize Ethiopia to sign an agreement that only satisfies Egypt’s interest at the expense of over 100 million people of Ethiopia. In addition, Egypt is trying to use the GERD issue to shadow and divert political and diplomatic efforts from the Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) that requests a reasonable and equitable share of the Nile water among the basin states. Read More.


Egypt and Ethiopia. Who is the victim? Who is the victimizer?
A note on the conflict between Egypt and Ethiopia over the Nile Issue.

28 May 2020

By Dr. Mesfin Genanaw

Ethiopia is the prime headwater of the Nile River. Egypt and Ethiopia share a lot of common civilization, history, religions, culture, and drink the same water. The Nile River has a great influence on both countries' cultures, songs, rituals, and folklores. But lately, a simmering dispute over the filling of the Grand Renaissance Dam (GERD) is heating up between the two sisterly countries at the two ends of the Nile basin. To read the full viewpoint, click here.


EIPSA response to Egypt's Letter (S/2020/355) to the UN dated May 1, 2020

21 May 2020

EIPSA sent response for Egypt's Letter (S/2020/355) to the UN dated  May 1, 2020. To read the full letter, click here.


Commentary response to the article: The Nile Conflict: Compensation rather Than Mediation, How Europeans can lead an Alternative Way Forward?

23 March 2020


This commentary is a response by Ethiopian International Professional Support for Abbay (EIPSA) to the article, “The Nile Conflict: Compensation rather Than Mediation, How Europeans Can Lead an Alternative Way Forward” by Tobias von Lossow, Luca Miehe and Stephan Roll (SWP Comments, March 2020). EIPSA would like to state that it appreciates the effort by your institution to contribute to the dialogue on Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam (GERD) in the aforementioned article1Read More


Press release on USA Secretary of Treasury's Statment of 28th Feb 2020 on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

02 March 2020

Ethiopian International Professional Support for Abbay (EIPSA) is an independent and voluntary association of professionals of Ethiopian-origin specializing in relevant disciplines, and residing in several countries across the world. The founding principles of EIPSA include conducting scientific assessments on issues concerning the transboundary water management and use on the Nile. EIPSA has advocated for regional cooperation that will ensure mutual benefit among the riparian states with fair and equitable utilization of the waters of the Nile for the last seven years. Read More


Grand Ethiopian Renaissnce Dam (GERD) Filling Scenarios: Analysis of Energy and Revenue losses

23 Dec 2019

Dr Mintwab Bezabih and Dr Belachew Tesfa 

In 2011, Ethiopia began building the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) on the Blue Nile River in a place called Guba, 60 kilometres from Sudan mainly for the electric power generation. In addition to the electric power supply, GERD benefits the downstream countries mainly Sudan and Egypt by removing up to 86% of silt and sedimentation, regulate the steady water flow throughout the year, avoid un-expected flooding to downstream countries and also conserve the water in Ethiopian highlands by having lower evaporation and water recycling mechanisms (Tesfa, 2013). Read More (pdf)


EIPSA Press Release on the Death of Eng Simengew Bekele 

26 July 2018

The Ethiopian International Professional Support for Abay (EIPSA) is shocked and saddened by the death of the distinguished Project Manager of Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), Eng Semengew Bekele, who was found dead in his car from a gunshot wound on the head, in the early morning of Thursday, 26th July.

Eng Bekele was an architect for GERD which has been built on the Blue Nile River in a place called Guba, 60 kilometres from Sudan, which holds 74 billion cubic meters (BCM) storage capacity and about 60 BCM live storage and which will produce 6.5 MW electric generation with 4.6 billion USD. Read More

The GERD: What Does Arabization got to do with it? A response for Ahemed Abul-Gheit comments on GERD

Bilal Hussein Jibril, Dec 2017


As readers are well aware recently the issue of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has dominated the media at the global level. This followed the rhetoric from Egypt that “no one will touch Egypt`s share of the Nile.” Egypt`s such claims are emanated from an attempt to deny almost all upstream countries of their equitable and reasonable share. Following that rhetoric, anyway, the current Secretary General of the League of Arab States and Egypt`s Mubarak era last foreign minister, Ahmed Abul-Gheit has remarked about the issue. Please, allow me, to say the following. Read Full Article


The Next Task: Hydrologic Simulation of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

Alemayehu W. Gebriel, Aug 2015


The Agreement on the Declaration of Principles (DoP) on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) was signed by the respective heads of state for Ethiopia, Egypt, and the Sudan on March 23, 2015 in Khartoum, Sudan.  Performing hydrologic simulations of the GERD using appropriate modeling system is one of the main tasks that need to be completed in order to implement the principles stated in the DoP for utilization of the shared water resource of the Nile.  Read Full Article


EIPSA Press Release on Agreement on the Declaration of Principles (DoP) between Ethiopia, the Sudan and Egypt

April 2015

After long years of struggle, confrontation and negotiations over the utilization the Nile waters, Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt signed an Agreement on Declaration of Principles on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Project (GERDP) on 23rd March, 2015. The signing of the Declaration of Principles (DoP) by the three countries is a turning point in the history of the Nile politics. The DoP is the first step and a foundation in turning dispute and confrontation into cooperation. It is also a sign of common understanding and determination by the three countries to elevate their relations to a higher level and enhance their cooperation. Read More


Agreement on Declaration of Principles between Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan

Agreement on Declaration of Principles between The Arab Republic of Egypt, The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia And The Republic of the Sudan on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Project (GERDP)


Mindful of the rising demand of the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Republic of Sudan on their transboundary water resource, and cognizant of the significance of the River Nile as the source of livelihood and the significant resource to the development of the people of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan, the three countries have committed to the following principles on the GERD: Read More


Utilizing The Nile: A Matter of Life and Death for Ethiopia

There have been different narratives regarding the management and utilization of the world`s longest river-the Nile. These stories mainly are reflected in different forms and styles. But their messages have been the same. One of the narratives is based on obsolete, partial and unfair self declared water `right` propagated by the most downstream state-Egypt. According to Egyptian policy makers, they have "a historical right to the Nile which is declared under the 1929 exchange of notes with Britain and the 1959 agreement with Sudan." But, Egypt`s such self-declared `historic right` is a historic wrong which Egypt is not yet trying to undone and solve. Based on such a historic wrong, Egypt has claimed that it has a fixed amount of water i.e. 55.5 Billion Cubic meters of the Nile waters.  Read More

Notice for EIPSA Members                              

EIPSA Election Notice (EEN) is hereby given to the qualified members of our organization, that the election for the Executive Committee (EC) has been called and ordered to be held on December 1 through 8, 2014 using online balloting system. The election will be held online using forms on www.eipsa1.com/election website. Prior to the election date, members are encouraged to self-nominate and/or nominate experts who have the ability to advance EIPSA’s vision to the next level.  The election committee will receive nomination for EC elect by the following email: election@eipsa1.com. Nomination is open from November 17, 2014 to November 25, 2014. Read More


EIPSA Election Guide

Ethiopian International Professional Support for Abay (EIPSA) is an organization established by Ethiopian professionals residing in various counties in order to support efficient and timely implementation of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). It was launched in 22, June 2013 with the mission of enhancing and expanding knowledge on water and protecting Ethiopia`s national interests on transboundary watercourses in accordance with internationally accepted principles. Providing expertise and professional support through cooperation with the National Committee for the Coordination of Public Participation on the Construction of the Grand Renaissance Dam, assisting national initiative to protect Ethiopia`s interest on the international stage, establishing a database on Nile related information and research based knowledge are some of the main objectives of EIPSA. Read More


A Proxy Campaign against Ethiopia? A response by GERD National Panel of Experts(NPOE) for the International River Network

Source: NPOE                                           

For so many years now the IRN, International River Network, this self-appointed “guardian” of all rivers of the world, has been leaving no stone unturned in its effort to subvert Ethiopia’s efforts to develop its water resources and lift its vast and growing population out of poverty.  This is manifested most glaringly in its incessant negative campaign against the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), initiated from the very first days when the idea of water resources development on the Abbay was floated, including even through the Nile Basin Initiative. Read more

Instruments for optimal management of transboundary resources: lessons for the Nile Waters?

SourceEIPSA Communicating Article  

The resolve to make meaningful use of the Nile waters has been one of the most important development milestones in Ethiopia over the last Century. Given the transboundary nature of the Nile and the fact that little use has been made of the waters on Ethiopia’s part, assessing ways of optimally managing the resource is increasingly attracting attention from national and international researchers and policy makers, as well as the media. The objective of this article is to present an overall review of available economic instruments in optimal management of the resource. The assessment focuses on various economic instruments, namely, insights from efficiency principle, and strategic interactions and market-based instruments to draw policy lessons. The findings generally show that economic instruments could, in principle, be used to address the coordination gaps that act as stumbling blocks against efficient use of the Nile water, to the benefits of all stakeholders. The findings of the study also indicate areas where further quantitative analyses should be focused on. Read More


ግብፆች ኢትዮጵያን ከሌሎች የተፋሰሱ አገሮች ጋር ማጋጨት ይፈልጋሉ

Source: ሪፓርተር  /ዮሐንስ አንበርብር/

አቶ ፈቅአህመድ ነጋሽ፣ የውኃ፣ መስኖና ኢነርጂ ሚኒስቴር የወሰንና ወሰን ተሻጋሪ ወንዞች ዳይሬክቶሬት ዳይሬክተር የመጀመሪያ ዲግሪያቸውን ከሀሮማያ ዩኒቨርሲቲ በግብርና ሲያገኙ፣ የማስትሬት ዲግሪያቸውን ደግሞ ከእንግሊዝ አገር በውኃ ማኔጅመንት አግኝተዋል፡፡  አቶ ፈቅአህመድ ነጋሽ አሁን የውኃ፣ መስኖና ኢነርጂ ሚኒስቴር የወሰንና ወሰን ተሻጋሪ ወንዞች ዳይሬክቶሬት ዳይሬክተር ናቸው፡፡ Read more


Article 44 of Egypt's constitution: coding historic wrong on  the Nile

By Zerihun Abebe Yigzaw /24 January 2014/

Since the ousting of Hosni Mubarak, Egypt has been seen some three governments either as transitional ones appointed by the military or popularly elected in a free election. The first transitional government of Prime Minister Essam Sharaf was progressive and seemed to turn Egypt`s face to Africa where its origin and life relies on. Nonetheless, because it was a transitional government and had no any constitutional ground. Read more


Ethiopia aims to finish dam in 3 years 

Source: worldbulletin.net : 07 Jan 2014

Project manager Semegnew Bekele described the mega-dam as a "flagship" project for Ethiopia, ultimately aimed at improving citizens' lives. Ethiopia hopes to finalize construction of its $4.7 billion hydroelectric dam project on the Nile River within three years, the director of the project said. "Implementation has been going according to schedule," project manager Semegnew Bekele told Anadolu Agency, noting that the dam would be 30 percent complete within a few months.

Read More

Study Shows the  Huge Significance of the Grand Renaissance Dam Project (GERDP) to downstream Egypt and Sudan

EIPSA Press Release :07 Dec 2013

A study showed that the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Project (GERDP) on the Blue Nile has significance benefit for Sudan and Egypt as per the article published by Ethiopian International Professional Support for Abbay on the EIPSA Communicating Article. According to the research findings based on the GERD technical design and quantitative analysis, the benefits of the dam to downstream countries can be broadly categorized as hydropower, flood control and water regulation, sedimentation management and increasing quality and quantity of water.

Read More


For more news relating to Renaissance Dam click News.

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