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Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam – Should it Really be an Issue for Egypt?

Personal reflections

Dr. Getu Biftu and Dr. Getachew Assefa

June 2020

History has proven that internationally-shared basins create interstate conflict. The Nile River by its length (approximately 6700 km), political divisions and history constitutes a major freshwater-related environmental resource and has been a focus of attention for centuries. It is one of the most important rivers in the world. The basin is home for 257 million people, almost 20% of the African population (Nile Basin Initiative, 2016).

The Nile Basin is commonly divided into three different sub-basins: Eastern Nile sub-basin, Equatorial Nile sub-basin, and Main Nile Zone (see Figure 1). The Eastern Nile sub-basin comprises three catchments (Blue Nile, Atbara, Baro). Figure (1) [1] shows, these catchments mainly lie in the highlands and the plains of Ethiopia, Sudan, and South-Sudan. This sub-basin is the major contributor, between 85% and 90%, to the flow that reaches Aswan Dam (Egypt). The outflow of this sub-basin is seasonal due to the monsoonal rainfall and the major part of it comes from the Blue Nile catchment. Read More  (pdf)



(By Engidashet Bunare & Shiferaw Lulu, May 2020)

I. Introduction

The media and Egyptian professionals are trying to influence with one-sided view and deceive the international community.  The purpose of the propaganda and lies that are taking place internationally by the Egyptian politicians and professionals is to mislead the international community and countries about the GERD for getting biased support and to pressurize Ethiopia to sign an agreement that only satisfies Egypt’s interest at the expense of over 100 million people of Ethiopia. In addition, Egypt is trying to use the GERD issue to shadow and divert political and diplomatic efforts from the Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) that requests a reasonable and equitable share of the Nile water among the basin states.

In addition to its hoodwink, Egypt has been and is supporting political opponents, religious radicals and ethnic radicals to destabilize upstream countries in order not to have peace in their countries to develop their nation, which inevitably consider using of their water. Read More



Egypt and Ethiopia. Who is the victim? Who is the victimizer? 

A note on the conflict between Egypt and Ethiopia over the Nile Issue.

"Blowing out someone else's candle doesn't make yours shine any brighter."  George Bernard Shaw

"Denial ain't just a river in Egypt." Mark Twain

By Dr. Mesfin Genanaw

Ethiopia is the prime headwater of the Nile River. Egypt and Ethiopia share a lot of common civilization, history, religions, culture, and drink the same water. The Nile River has a great influence on both countries' cultures, songs, rituals, and folklores. But lately, a simmering dispute over the filling of the Grand Renaissance Dam (GERD) is heating up between the two sisterly countries at the two ends of the Nile basin.

The writer of this article was born and raised just five miles away from Abay (Blue Nile) Basin on the Ethiopian side, where there was no electricity and clean water, just like 60% of contemporary Ethiopians. The contrast is so dramatic at the other end of the Nile in Egypt, where electricity and clean water is readily available for everyone. The variation in the satellite night images of the two countries is so dramatic; if you are not from that region and geographically-challenged, you would mistakenly think the mighty water that generates tremendous electricity and fresh water in Egypt is flowing in a reverse direction from Mount Sanai of Egypt, passes through Sudan but could not defy gravity to move up to the highlands of Ethiopia to make life better there.  In fact, 86% of the Nile River originates from Ethiopia and flows to downstream Egypt to help build a great pharaonic civilization for thousands of years that we are all proud of. And strange as it may sound, it is now Ethiopia that is appealing for equitable water-sharing arrangement, sitting at the source of the water supply, and Egypt that claims to own all of it, sitting at the downstream end of the Nile River basin.  Read More

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of EIPSA. 

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