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Instruments for optimal management of transboundary resources: lessons for the Nile Waters?


The resolve to make meaningful use of the Nile waters has been one of the most important development milestones in Ethiopia over the last Century. Given the transboundary nature of the Nile and the fact that little use has been made of the waters on Ethiopia’s part, assessing ways of optimally managing the resource is increasingly attracting attention from national and international researchers and policy makers, as well as the media. The objective of this article is to present an overall review of available economic instruments in optimal management of the resource. The assessment focuses on various economic instruments, namely, insights from efficiency principle, and strategic interactions and market-based instruments to draw policy lessons. The findings generally show that economic instruments could, in principle, be used to address the coordination gaps that act as stumbling blocks against efficient use of the Nile water, to the benefits of all stakeholders. The findings of the study also indicate areas where further quantitative analyses should be focused on. 

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A Proxy Campaign against Ethiopia? A response by GERD National Panel of Experts(NPOE) for the International River Network

A Proxy Campaign against Ethiopia? A response by GERD National Panel of Experts(NPOE) for the International River Network(IRN)

A response for the International River Network (IRN): “GERD Panel of Experts Report: Big Questions Remain"

For so many years now the IRN, International River Network, this self-appointed “guardian” of all rivers of the world, has been leaving no stone unturned in its effort to subvert Ethiopia’s efforts to develop its water resources and lift its vast and growing population out of poverty.  This is manifested most glaringly in its incessant negative campaign against the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), initiated from the very first days when the idea of water resources development on the Abbay was floated, including even through the Nile Basin Initiative. Read more

Article 44 of Egypt's constitution: codifying historic wrongs on the Nile

By Zerihun Abebe Yigzaw

Since the ousting of Hosni Mubarak, Egypt has been seen some three governments either as transitional ones appointed by the military or popularly elected in a free election.

Benefits the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Project for Sudan and Egypt

Belachew Chekene Tesfa*
University of Huddersfield, UK

This article quantifies the major benefits of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Project for Sudan and Egypt based on GERDP technical design and quantitative analysis. Before discussing the benefits, the article will brief the general technical overview of the GERDP. Then, it shows how the GERDP will benefit East Africa by filling the wide gab in electricity power shortage based on the World Bank data. It has answered as how much sedimentation will GERDP remove from Blue Nile River per annum? How much do it cost for Sudan and Egypt to remove this sedimentation from their dam? How the Blue Nile flow looks like after GERDP is working with full capacity? How do Sudan and Egypt will be benefited by having regular water flow throughout the year due to GERDP? How do GERDP will play vital role in conservation of water in Ethiopian highlands? Finally a summary note and a recommendation will be given to indicate the way forward in handling the GERDP for the benefit of the region specifically Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt.

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*Dr Belachew Tesfa is researcher at University of Huddersfield, UK. He is a chartered engineer and director for EIPSA. Dr Tesfa is working on renewable energy. He can be reached by belachewmu@yahoo.com.

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by Dr. Radut